Beijing is an important transport hub in North China with five ring roads, nine expressways, eleven National Highways, nine conventional railways, and two high-speed railways converging on the city.
Beijing's primary airport is the Beijing Capital International Airport (IATA: PEK) about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of the city center. The airport is the second busiest airport in the world after Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. After renovations for the 2008 Olympics, the airport now boasts three terminals, with Terminal 3 being one of the largest in the world. Most domestic and nearly all international flights arrive at and depart from Capital Airport. It is the main hub for Air China and a hub for China Southern and Hainan Airlines. The airport links Beijing with almost every other Chinese city with regular air passenger service.
Rail and high-speed rail
The city's main railway stations are the Beijing Railway Station, which opened in 1959; the Beijing West Railway Station, which opened in 1996; and the Beijing South Railway Station, which was rebuilt into the city's high-speed railway station in 2008. As of 1 July 2010, Beijing Railway Station had 173 trains arriving daily, Beijing West had 232 trains and Beijing South had 163. The Beijing North Railway Station, first built in 1909 and expanded in 2009, had 22 trains.
Smaller stations in the city including Beijing East Railway Station and Qinghuayuan Railway Station handle mainly commuter passenger traffic. The Fengtai Railway Station has been closed for renovation. In outlying suburbs and counties of Beijing, there are over 40 railway stations.
From Beijing, direct passenger train service is available to most large cities in China. International train service is available to Mongolia, Russia, Vietnam and North Korea. Passenger trains in China are numbered according to their directionin relation to Beijing.
The Beijing Subway is a rapid transit rail network that serves the urban and suburban districts of Beijingmunicipality. The network has 18 lines, 334 stations and 554 km (344 mi) of track in operation, and is the second longest subway system in the world after the Shanghai Metro. The subway is the world's busiest in annual ridership, with 3.41 billion trips delivered in 2014, averaging 9.2786 million per day, with peak single-day ridership reaching 11.5595 million.
Metered taxi in Beijing start at 13CNY for the first 3 kilometres (1.9 mi), 2.3CNY Renminbi per additional 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) and 1 CNY per ride fuel surcharge, not counting idling fees which are 2.3 CNY (4.6 CNY during rush hours of 7-9 am and 5-7pm) per 5 minutes of standing or running at speeds lower than 12 kilometres per hour (7.5 mph). Most taxis are Hyundai Elantras, Hyundai Sonatas, Peugeots, Citroëns and Volkswagen Jettas. After 15 kilometres (9.3 mi), the base fare increases by 50% (but is only applied to the portion over that distance). Different companies have special colors combinations painted on their vehicles. Usually registered taxis have yellowish brown as basic hue, with another color of Prussian blue, hunter green, white, umber, tyrian purple, rufous, or sea green.
Public bus service in Beijing is among the most extensive, widely used and affordable form of public transportation in urban and suburban districts of the city. In 2015, the entire network consists of 876 routes with a fleet of 24,347 buses and trolleybuses carrying 3.98 billion passengers annually. The bus fare of both companies begin at 2.00 CNY and are subject to 50% discount when purchased with the mass transit IC card, Yikatong, which effectively lowers the cost of most bus rides in the city center to 1.00 CNY. Beijing Airport Buses provide separate service to the city's two airports.
Copyright © 2018 4th International Conference on Applied Mechanics and Mechanical Automation (AMMA2018)